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Bhutan has a tri-cameral parliament consisting of the King, the National Council and the National Assembly. His Majesty the King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck is the head of the state. He became the youngest reigning monarch in the world when he was crowned as fifth king on Bhutan on November 6, 2008.
The National Council which functions as upper house has 25 members, five appointed by the King and 20 elected from the 20 districts.

The National Assembly or the lower house consists of 47 members elected from the country’s 47 constituencies.

Bhutan is the youngest democracy in the world when it elected both house of representative in March 2008 with Lyonchhen (Prime Minister) Jigmi Y. Thinley as the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Bhutan.

National Emblem

Circle projecting a double diamond thunderbolt placed above the lotus is the National Emblem of Bhutan. There are two dragons on the either sides and jewels on all the sides. Lotus represents purity; the thunderbolts harmony between secular and religious power and the jewels signifies sovereign power. The dragons on the either side, a male and a female, represent the name of the country. (Druk means dragon and for the Bhutanese, Bhutan is known as Druk yul or the Land of the Dragon).

National Flag

The rectangular national flag is diagonally divided into two parts with a white dragon on the divide. The upper half is yellow and the lower saffron-orange. The upper half signifies the secular power and authority of the king. The lower half represents the practice of religion and power of the Buddhism. The white dragon signifies the name of the country. The jewels in its claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country. The national flag on Bhutan was created in 1947 by Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji. It was later modified in 1956 which took the present shape

National Flower

Blue Poppy (Meconopsis horridula) found on the rocky mountain terrain above the tree line (3500-4500) is the national flower of Bhutan. It is delicate blue or purple tinged blooms with a white filament. It grows to a height of 1 meter. The flower which is liked with myth of a Yeti was discovered by a British Botanist in 1933 in remote part of Sakteng

National Tree

Big cypresses (Cupressus torulosa) found near religions structures in the temperate zone, between 1800 and 3500 metres altitudeis the National Tree of Bhutan. The national tree of Bhutan, Cypress, is associated with religion. Its ability to survive on rugged terrain is compared to bravery and simplicity.

National Animal

Takin (budorcas taxicolor) is the national animal of Bhutan. This very rare animal is associated with religious history and mythology. This is the reason for choosing it as the National Animal of Bhutan. Takins have a thick neck and short muscular legs. They live in groups and are found in places 4000 meters high on the north-western and far north eastern parts of the country. They feed on bamboos and weigh about 250 kgs.

National Bird

Raven is the national bird of Bhutan. Raven which represents the chief guardian deity of Bhutan Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven headed Mahakala) also ornaments the royal crown

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